Dogs should be vaccinated for distemper and parvo
on a yearly basis, and rabies every three years. They should be tested every spring for heartworms
and placed on a heartworm preventative from May to December.
They should have yearly fecal exams for intestinal worms and treated accordingly.
Unless you are a experienced breeder with a thorough
knowledge of your breed's bloodlines and screen for possible genetic
defects and are willing to be responsible for every puppy your dog produces, your dog should be spayed or neutered.
Bitches are at risk for mammary cancer if left intact and
males are at greater risk for testicular cancer unless
Dogs should be fed a good quality dog food. If you
change foods, gradually mix the two foods together to prevent a gastric
upset. Dogs should not be free fed. Obese dogs are not healthy dogs. Your dog should be groomed regularly (once a week);
with special attention to ears, teeth, eyes and toenails. You should seek veterinary attention if your pet shows
any signs of illness.
you can not provide this level of basic care, you should
reconsider pet ownership.
HEALTH AND GROOMING
In many ways, health and grooming go hand-in-hand.
Grooming contributes to your dog's sense of
well-being. It also gives you the opportunity to check their hair, skin
and body for any possible changes that might alert you to a possible
health condition. Keeping your dog healthy and watching for any changes
in their condition will prolong its life and add to the number of years
you might enjoy each other's company.
Regular brushing helps eliminate tangles and mats and
helps your dog get accustomed to being handled. It also gives you the
opportunity to check for ticks and fleas, lesions, lumps and changes in
his skin and coat. Pet-supply stores and catalogs sell a wide array of
brushes for different coats and conditions.
have a bed of fine, closely spaced
wires that usually are hooked or bent; they're good all-purpose brushes
for removing mats, loose hair and debris.
Pin brushes have a bed of widely spaced tines
look like straight pins. The tines sometimes are tipped with plastic.
Pin brushes are also good for removing tangles but can be uncomfortable
for grooming shorthaired dogs. Bristle
brushes and metal combs are used in the final
grooming step for longhaired dogs, leaving their hair sleek, smooth and
shiny. A bristle brush may be the only brush you'll need for a
is a basic technique for brushing long coated breeds. Using a metal grayhound
or metal pin brush (or pin and bristle together) start at the shoulders and
separate the coat in a line down to the skin to the base of the tail. Mist the
coat at the skin to dampen the undercoat and brush against the grain of the
hair, in other words towards the backbone, one thin layer at a time. Make a new
part, spray and brush until both sides of the dog are completed.
Begin the brushing process with a slicker or pin brush
to remove dead hair, debris and tangles. For breeds with long and very
thick coats, you should groom with both brushes, using the slicker brush
first. For tough tangles, gently comb or brush small sections
at a time, giving yourself and your dog a break every few minutes. Be
careful not to tug at or tear the hair. After the coat is smooth, give your dog a final
brushing with a bristle brush (for shorthaired dogs) or a comb (for
longhaired dogs). Give plenty of praise during the brushing process and
reward your dog with a treat within you're finished.
should be trimmed close to the quick twice
a month depending on the dog’s activity-some
more, some less.
Grooming your new Pet
1. nail clippers or a nail grinder (trim toenails every one to two
2. baby powder (prevents the fine fur behind the ears from matting)
3. spray bottle (mist your dog's fur with water before brushing or you
will damage his coat)
4. pin brush (shown above)
5. slicker (for grooming right down to the skin) (shown
6. Belgian comb (you should be able to run a comb freely through his
coat when you are done) (shown above)
7. toothbrush and pet formula toothpaste (once a week, do NOT use
human formula toothpaste)
8. scissors (to trim the excess fur between the pads of his feet)
Shelties have a double coat. The fine, soft undercoat
is shed once a year. Regular brushing will help remove the dead
undercoat and prevent matting. If you wait until your dog's coat becomes
matted it is a much bigger job to groom, and is uncomfortable for your
dog. I would recommend a quick run through with spray bottle and pin
brush at least once a week and a more thorough line brushing with
slicker and comb at least once a month. Grooming can be your quiet time
together. The stroking sensation of the brush is soothing and removing dead, itchy fur and stimulating
the skin are important contributions you can make to your dog's good
Do not forget to
check ear canals for dirt or foul odor...
It is necessary to be aware of your dog's regular
bowel and urine habits. Be aware of his appetite and water intake as
well. This information can be valuable to your veterinarian when trying
to diagnose an illness.
Some of this Information was obtained from Kathy Belville
Romyldale Shetland Sheepdogs, and permission
was given to copy. Please ask before copying.
Romyldale Shetland Sheepdogs
Design by Twin Cedar